Top 10 Forests of the World
Out of the mid-wood's twilight
Into the meadow's dawn,
Ivory limbed and brown-eyed,
Flashes my Faun!
He skips through the copses singing,
And his shadow dances along,
And I know not which I should follow,
Shadow or song!
In these verses Oscar Wilde captures something of the elation we feel when we visit a forest. With forests around the world under threat from logging, human incursion, and wild fires, we need to appreciate them more than ever. As well as providing oxygen for the planet and habitats for some of the most amazing animals in the world, forests also provide healing for the souls of those who visit them. The sights, smells, sounds (and silence!) of forests provide welcome relief from the grime and grind of modern urban life.
With that in mind, let us look at 10 of the biggest forests in the world, and why they are so important.
In Russia's Far Eastern Federal District (which includes the city of Vladivostok), the Primorsky forest contains one of the highest endangered species densities on Earth. The forest and the surrounding region is notable for having the last remaining large tract of viable habitat for the critically endangered Amur leopard and Amur tiger.
9) Burmese Rain Forest
Before the release of Aung San Suu Kyi from imprisonment in 2010, Burma was a diplomatic pariah largely cut off from much of the world. Now with the country opening up to foreign investment, there are fears that deforestation could increase. The Burmese Rain Forest is home to the Burmese Python, one of the five largest species of snakes in the world. They are often found near water, but can also be found in trees. These huge serpents average 3.7 m (12.1 ft) long, but can reach as much as 5.74 m (18.8 ft) in length!
8) The Valdivian Rain Forest
95,800 square mile of South American temperate rain forest encompassing parts of Argentina and Chile. This rain forest takes its name after Valdivia, a city in Southern Chile, which in turn is named after the city's founder Pedro de Valdivia. The Valdivian Temperate Rain Forest is famous for 150 foot tall trees. It also contains many threatened mammal species including the kodkod (the smallest cat species in South America) and the impossibly cute southern pudu (the smallest deer species in the world).
7) Borneo Rain Forest
The Borneo lowland rain forest is believed to be the second-oldest rain forest in the world, after Australia's Daintree Rain Forest. Sadly, the Borneo lowland rain forest is being destroyed by logging and conversion to commercial land use. Even so, at the time of writing, it supports about 10,000 plant species, 380 bird species and numerous mammal species.
6) Tropical Rain Forest of New Guinea
There are an estimated 9000 species of plants, 250 species of mammals, and 700 species of birds in the Rain Forest of New Guinea. New Guinea is famous for its 700 species of birds. The most famous are the birds of paradise, but other stunningly beautiful birds include parrots, crown pigeons, and kingfishers. Many other strange and beautiful animals inhabit this enigmatic land, including the cassowary - a colourful flightless ratite related to the emu.
5) The Congo Tropical Rain Forest
Located in central Africa, the Congo Tropical Rain Forest spans approximately 1.5 million square miles. Most of the Congo Rain Forest is in the Democratic Republic of Congo, but significant parts of it are Gabon, the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and the Central African Republic. Native to the Congo Tropical Rain Forest are the Pygmies. Famous for their unique culture and short stature, the average height of Pygmy men is just 4 feet 10 inches (1.45 meters). The Congo River (the second largest river in the world) flows through the rain forest. Unsurprisingly, the Congo Tropical Rain Forest is very rainy, getting an average rainfall of over 58 inches (147 centimetres) per year.
4) Scandinavian Taiga
The Scandinavian Taiga is situated in Northern Europe and occupies about 2,156,900 km² (832,800 mi²) in Sweden, Norway, Finland and northern Russia. The environment of the taiga is strikingly different between the summer and winter. In the summer, the taiga may be wet and bog like, while in the winter much of the area is covered in snow. The Scandinavian taiga consists of coniferous forests, and animals native to the taiga include mink, otter, bats and some snakes.
3) East Siberian Taiga
Located in Russia, the world’s largest taiga stretches about 5,800 kilometres (3,600 miles) from the Pacific Ocean to the Ural Mountains. This taiga region was completely glaciated during the last ice age. The trees here are coniferous, having pines instead of leaves, and staying green throughout the year.
2) The Canadian Boreal Forest
With around three million square kilometres undisturbed by roads, cities or industrial development, Canada's boreal forest is considered to be the largest intact forest on the planet. The boreal zone is home to an extensive range of mammals, insects, fungi and micro-organisms. Included among them are 150 bird species, and the amazing Woodland caribou (Reindeer).
1) The Amazon Tropical Rain Forest
The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rain forest. This is followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rain forests, and comprises the largest and most bio diverse tract of tropical rain forest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species. As the largest tract of tropical rain forest in the Americas, the Amazonian rain forests have unparalleled biodiversity. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazon rain forest. This constitutes the largest collection of living plants and animal species in the world. The region is home to about 2.5 million insect species, tens of thousands of plants, and some 2,000 birds and mammals. The Scarlet Macaw, the Blue Poison Dart Frog and the South American Jaguar are just some of the many stunningly beautiful creatures that call this precious and threatened ecosystem their home.
A Tree for a Poster
Here at Stay Boundless we believe the world is a beautiful place. We want to explore it, we want to celebrate it and we want to encourage others to do likewise. We also want the world to stay beautiful.
That's why we have teamed up with One tree planted to make sure your purchase has a positive impact on the natural world. For every poster bought at Stay Boundless, one tree will be planted on us.
One tree planted is a charitable organisation founded in 2014 in Vermont, USA. They work alongside reforestation organisations around the world to plant trees in areas hit by deforestation. Planting trees in Africa, Asia, North and South America, their reforestation projects create jobs, build communities, and promote biodiversity.
One tree planted and their partners choose the most appropriate tree species to plant and work with local communities to get them in the ground. Planting typically happens in the rainy season when the soil is wet and provides optimal conditions for tree survival. They also work alongside local organisations to ensure that they maintain a tree survival rate of 80-90%.
For every poster you buy at Stay Boundless, One tree planted twill plant one tree in an area hit by man made or natural deforestation.
You can be sure that your wall art from us won't just make your home or office more beautiful, but the world.
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